Originally published: 2012-03-20
Listening to the latest Ruby Rogues I was intrigued to hear André Arko describe how using bundler can completely obviate using rvm gemsets. He said that projects using bundler will just work if you have all of your gems piled together. No need to go through the hassle of managing a gemset for each project. I'm all about avoiding hassle, so I set out to investigate.
Now, don't get me wrong: I love rvm. But I have to admit that managing gemsets and running bundle install from scratch again for every new project is a pain. I imagine that with this workflow I'll still use rvm to manage Ruby versions, but not project gemsets.
Install overlapping Rails versions into the same gemset
I picked Rails as the testbed for my conflicting version testing. I figure that it's an easy gem to install, it brings in lots of versioned dependencies, and it's extremely easy to see if things are working with a
I trusted that André wasn't leading me astray so I ran all these installs into the 1.9.3 system gemset from rvm. If you want to follow along but be able to easily clear out this collection of overlapping gems, just create a new gemset for the experiment and delete it afterwards.
# Install multiple rails versions % gem install rails # Rails 3.2.2 % gem install rails --version '~> 3.1.0' % gem install rails --version '~> 3.0.0' % gem list rails *** LOCAL GEMS *** rails (3.2.2, 3.1.4, 3.0.12)
There we go. Now to create a Rails project for each version.
Aside: Running commands from a specific gem version
To run a command from a specific gem version, we need to use a cool trick that the Ruby Rogues also mentioned on the Bundler show. To run a specific version of a gem's binary you wrap the version number in underscores.
% rails -v Rails 3.2.2 % rails _3.1.4_ -v Rails 3.1.4 % rails _3.0.12_ -v Rails 3.0.12
Pretty nifty eh? Sure if we were to have separate rvm gemsets for each project then it wouldn't even be an issue; but I think this solution is quite reasonable. Although I am entertaining the idea of writing a ZSH plugin that will help run specific gem binaries if one doesn't already exist.
Create a Rails project for each version
# create the projects % rails new rails_3.2.2 % rails _3.1.4_ new rails_3.1.4 % rails _3.0.12_ new rails_3.0.12
Scaffold and test each Rails project
% cd rails_3.2.2 % bundle install % rails g scaffold post title:string author:string content:text posted_at:datetime % rake db:migrate % rake Run options: # Running tests: Finished tests in 0.002877s, 0.0000 tests/s, 0.0000 assertions/s. 0 tests, 0 assertions, 0 failures, 0 errors, 0 skips Run options: # Running tests: ....... Finished tests in 0.172671s, 40.5395 tests/s, 57.9136 assertions/s. 7 tests, 10 assertions, 0 failures, 0 errors, 0 skips
% cd rails_3.1.4 % bundle install % rails g scaffold post title:string author:string content:text posted_at:datetime % rake db:migrate % rake % rake LOADED SUITE test,test/functional,test/performance,test/unit/helpers,test/unit ActionController::TestCase ActionDispatch::IntegrationTest ActionView::TestCase ActiveRecord::TestCase ActiveSupport::TestCase PostTest PostsHelperTest Test::Unit::TestCase ============================================================================== pass: 0, fail: 0, error: 0 total: 0 tests with 0 assertions in 0.003729 seconds ============================================================================== LOADED SUITE test,test/functional,test/performance,test/unit/helpers,test/unit ActionController::TestCase ActionDispatch::IntegrationTest ActiveRecord::TestCase ActiveSupport::TestCase PostsControllerTest test_should_create_post PASS test_should_destroy_post PASS test_should_get_edit PASS test_should_get_index PASS test_should_get_new PASS test_should_show_post PASS test_should_update_post PASS Test::Unit::TestCase ============================================================================== pass: 7, fail: 0, error: 0 total: 7 tests with 10 assertions in 0.1396 seconds ==============================================================================
% cd rails_3.0.12 % bundle install % rails g scaffold post title:string author:string content:text posted_at:datetime % rake db:migrate % rake Run options: # Running tests: . Finished tests in 0.033918s, 29.4829 tests/s, 29.4829 assertions/s. 1 tests, 1 assertions, 0 failures, 0 errors, 0 skips Run options: # Running tests: ....... Finished tests in 0.194761s, 35.9415 tests/s, 51.3450 assertions/s. 7 tests, 10 assertions, 0 failures, 0 errors, 0 skips
All the tests are all working fine. No gemsets required! Now let's try actually
% cd rails_3.2.2 % rails c Loading development environment (Rails 3.2.2) 1.9.3p0 :001 > ^D % cd ../rails_3.1.4 % rails c Loading development environment (Rails 3.1.4) 1.9.3p0 :001 > ^D % cd ../rails_3.0.12 % rails c Loading development environment (Rails 3.0.12) 1.9.3p0 :001 > ^D
Well, that was easy. Rails uses bundler very well, and we are isolated from the actual Ruby environment by the Rails console and other scripts. Now let's see how a non-Rails Ruby project behaves.
Bundling a typical Ruby project
We'll use Savon as our testing gem for non-Rails projects. It's simple but has some dependencies, it has a solid version history to go back into, and it's where I look whenever I want to see some good Ruby gem code.
First we'll setup a project with the latest version of Savon.
% mkdir savon_0.9.9 % cd savon_0.9.9 % bundle init
Change the Gemfile:
source "https://rubygems.org" gem 'savon', '~> 0.9.9'
Now we'll setup a project with the previous major version of Savon.
% mkdir savon_0.8.6 % cd savon_0.8.6 % bundle init
Change the Gemfile:
source "https://rubygems.org" gem 'savon', '~> 0.8.6'
There, now we have one project with a Gemfile using Savon 0.8.6 and one using Savon 0.9.9. But how easy is it to develop in an environment with the gem versions all mixed together?
% cd savon_0.9.9 % irb 1.9.3p0 :001 > require 'savon' => true 1.9.3p0 :002 > Savon::Version => "0.9.9"
% cd savon_0.8.6 % irb 1.9.3p0 :001 > require 'savon' => true 1.9.3p0 :002 > Savon::Version => "0.9.9"
irb doesn't know or care about our Gemfile specifying the gem versions we want to use. That means that a Ruby script won't care either.
require 'savon' puts Savon::Version
Copy that script into each project directory and run it with
ruby version.rb. For each directory the output will be the same:
So what can we do?
Use Bundler commands to have Ruby follow the Gemfile
bundle exec will run the given command within the context of the local Gemfile. That means that
bundle exec ruby will run Ruby with the correct gem versions.
# in savon_0.9.9 % bundle exec ruby version.rb 0.9.9 # in savon_0.8.6 % bundle exec ruby version.rb 0.8.6
bundle console starts up an interactive Ruby session within the context of the local Gemfile so it's exactly what we need to replace
irb. It's nifty in that it also automatically includes any gems specified in the Gemfile, no need to
# in savon_0.9.9 % bundle console 1.9.3p0 :001 > Savon::Version => "0.9.9" # in savon_0.8.6 % bundle console 1.9.3p0 :001 > Savon::Version => "0.8.6"
Aside: the bundler plugin in ZSH handles bundler exec automatically
If you're using ZSH then you can add the bundler plugin and avoid some of these hoops. It has a function that checks to see if bundler is installed and if you're in a directory with a Gemfile. If so, then if you run a command on its list of commands to run with bundle exec (e.g. cap, guard, heroku, ruby, rake) it will automatically wrap that command in bundle exec. Win. With that plugin in place, you can almost entirely just stop using gemsets and you'll never have any problems.
André Arko was totally right. If you're already using bundler to manage the gems for all of your projects (and you should) then you can just stop dealing with gemsets and let bundler sort it all out for you.
It seems to me that the time of gemsets has come and gone. With bundler as fast and easy to use as it is, there's really no need to maintain gemsets for each project.
I for one -- with over 30 gemsets -- am pleased that it all just works so well and easily. I can get a specific gem version's binary pretty easily (and that's a rare need) and my ZSH setup abstracts away the headaches.
Not only will this eliminate the work involved in maintaining gemsets, bundler will be able to pull from the common collection of local gems when satisfying dependencies. No more pulling down new copies of all the required gems whenever I start a new project.